Health Benefits of Gentian plant

Health Benefits of Gentian plant

   Used for more than 2000 years as a sour, anti-toxic tonic, which stimulates liver functions, gentian is a medicinal herb. Its name comes from king Gentius of Illyaria, who mentioned it for the first time in a treaty.

Description of Gentian plant

   A vivacious herb, about 20-60 cm tall, with an erect, cylindrical stem without branches, gentian grows on cliffs. The herb's root is rhizome shaped and long, from which other roots derive. The leaves are big, oval and the flowers are light yellow colored and brown dotted. Only the herb's roots and rhizomes are used. Harvesting the roots in spring is not recommended, since a weaker product in active substances is obtained. For use in medicinal purposes, these are dried right after being harvested.


Properties and benefits of Gentian

   As a medicine, the curative properties of the gentian roots are countless: gastric, tonic, simulative of the appetite, anti-febrile, anti-helmintic, and has choleretic-cholagogue actions. Because of its main components: gentio-pyrine, gentio-marine, amaragentine, tannin, gentianine, lipids, and mineral substances, gentian is recommended when treating dyskinetic biliary anorexia, for stimulating salivary secretion, for increasing gastric secretion and the body's resistance.


   By stimulating the digestive glandular cells and having a bacteriostatic, anti-helmintic, choleretic and cholagogue effect, gentian stimulates the glandular cells of all digestive organs, quickening intestinal transit. The herb has an important role in stimulating the immune system, favoring the growth number of leucocytes and red blood cells.

   For internal use, gentian, mixed with other depurative herb tinctures, favors the detoxification of the body. In treating diabetes, intestinal parasites, inflammatory or pancreas affections, the use of gentian tincture is recommended. For gastric and hepatic diseases, dilution in water of the gentian tincture is indicated.

   Cholagen sponges with gentian violet are good antiseptics against gram-positive bacteria and some locally hypoestesiant protector and epithelising fungus. These are used in case of various wounds or ulcerations. The wound or the ulcerated zone is cleaned and the sponges are applied under gauze dressing. The dressings are changed once every 2-3 days.

   In case of biliary fits, biliary dyskinesis, or for preventing biliary lithiasis, gentian tincture is administered in form of tincture, from which a teaspoon is taken, diluted in a quarter of a glass of water, 3-4 times a day - in the morning and a quarter of an hour before the main meals.

   The gentian root has tonic hepatic effects, being thus used in liver diseases since it stimulates function and helps regenerate hepatic cells. The herb inhibits the development of viruses affecting the liver. In this case, gentian is used in the form of a powder, of which half a teaspoon is taken 3-4 times a day in treatments of 6-12 weeks.

   Distension, dyspepsia and atonic constipation can be treated with treatments of 3-6 weeks by cold maceration of gentian, of which a quarter of a glass of water is taken 4 times a day, 15 minutes before meals.

   Gentian tincture can treat indigestion or hyperacid gastritis with the power of eliminating hard sensations in the stomach or nausea before and after meals. A teaspoon of tincture is administered, diluted in a little water, 10-15 minutes before every meal.

   The lack of appetite in the case of children can be treated through adding 10-15 drops of gentian to a teaspoon of honey. The mixture is administered a quarter of an hour before meals.

   In treating hypothyroid and interfacing disorders, the gentian tincture is administered as an adjuvant, a teaspoon 4 times a day, in treatments of 3 months, with breaks of 15-30 days. It has strong stimulation effects of metabolism and it favors normal secretion of thyroidal hormones.


   A decoct can be obtained from a teaspoon of the herb, cut into small pieces, to half a liter of cold water. It is boiled for 15 minutes and consumed before the most important meals.

   The gentian macerate and tincture are obtained from 20 g of root to 100 g of 70 degrees alcohol for 8 days. 15 drops are taken, in water, half an hour before meals, thus stimulating appetite.

   Gentian syrup is prepared out of 10 g of root, soaked in 150 ml of boiling water, after which the liquid is filtered and squeezed out, 230 g of sugar is added, and then it is boiled and passed through a sieve.

   The cataplasm of gentian root is prepared of root powder; it is put in a receptacle, in which progressively warm water is added while stirring continuously, until a paste is formed. It is then wrapped in gauze and applied in the affected area where it is kept for 1-3 hours.


   It is not recommended being used for a period longer than 3 weeks when treating states of debility or acute weakness.